CBD Oil Guide

What you should check to find the best manufactured CBD Oil in the market and how to evaluate them.

What are CBD Oils?

Cannabidiol, also known by the acronym CBD, is a natural cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. Unlike other cannabinoids, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD does not produce any psychoactive effects. In fact, has been proven that CBD could counteract the psychoactive effects of THC.

With hundreds of European brands focussing on the cannabis market, it can be tricky when it comes to purchasing quality CBD products. Moreover, the main CBD manufacturers nowadays are expanding their portfolio of products in order to cover all possible absorption methods such as oral, topical, sublingual and inhalation administration.

By adding all of these factors, finding the right CBD product can be overwhelming, and for this reason, we at info-CBD have thoroughly analysed every specific form of product allowed in the European market and also highlighted the main criteria when evaluating CBD products of all kinds. This page aims to focus on all the main aspects of CBD Oils, from production to its proper use, and suggest the most important criteria to consider when buying CBD Oils.

Application

Sublingual

Dosage

Fixed

Ease of Use

Quite Easy

Onset Time

40 min

Price

Medium

Sublingual administration of CBD

A very common way of taking CBD is sublingually. The CBD oils are taken orally beneath the tongue, through which the CBD can go directly into the blood stream, then spread throughout the body. Beneath the tongue there are many capillaries and blood vessels in which the CBD can be directly absorbed and released into the bloodstream, bypassing the digestive system. As sublingual administration is more direct, CBD impacts the body faster than oral administration, and maintains higher bioavailability, only being degraded from enzymes in the mouth’s saliva, and not metabolised by the liver. Sublingual consumption of CBD has shown a range of 20-35% of bioavailability, much higher than oral administration. Administering CBD sublingually can take up to 40-45 minutes before the full effect occurs.

How to use CBD Sublingual Oils

CBD Oil is not only an easy and popular method of taking CBD, it is also a very effective method of consumption. Due to the high concentration of CBD in the oil, it delivers CBD throughout the body quicker as opposed to other methods such as through ingestion.

When CBD oil is administered sublingually by dropper, it means to drip the CBD oil under the tongue. While the saliva on the tongue breaks down a portion of CBD, it enters the bloodstream faster, without it being filtered out by the body’s digestive tract. Because of its ease of use and fast-acting, CBD oil tinctures are one of the most popular ways of enjoy the many benefits of CBD.

1 - Shake the bottle well

This process will ensure that the liquid is properly mixed and no residuals stay in the bottom of the bottle. This will allow the administration of a consistent amount of CBD in each serving

2 - Administer under the Tongue

Use the dropper to extract and dispense the desired number of drops of CBD under the tongue.

3 - Hold it under the tongue

Hold the dispensed drops under the tongue for 60-90 seconds before swallowing. Do not drink any water for 1 minute so that the rest of the oil in the mouth will be completely absorbed.

4 - Repeat as necessary

Servings can be repeated during the day, as needed or recommended by a doctor.

Which is the best method for producing CBD Oils?

How to extract CBD from the plant

Although CBD oils can be produced synthetically, the easiest and safest way to obtain CBD is by extracting it from cannabis plants. To harvest CBD from the plant, many producers use extraction solvents to separate and collect CBD from the seeds and stalks of the cannabis plant. As CBD is impossible to dissolve in water, it is necessary to use gas or alcoholic and oily solvents for the extraction process.
There are many different solvents employed to extract CBD from the plant, and each of them produces different cannabinoid extracts. Moreover, CBD oil producers have to upgrade their production methods and employ the cleanest and safest extraction process available. The two most common extraction methods use CO2 and Ethanol.

Solvent-based Extraction

Ethanol

Often times a solvent is used for cannabis extraction processes using alcohol or another liquid solvent. Normally, the plant is soaked in the alcohol, removed, the liquid gets filtered and the alcohol is evaporated. This process must be done carefully as the temperature can play a big factor, as well as atmospheric pressure, affecting the solvent, and the chlorophyll which produces an undesirable bitter taste. Although this can take some time to ensure any possible hazards are avoided, it is still a quicker method compared to CO2 extraction. Alcohol extraction leaves no risks of leaving any toxic residuals, enabling the co-extraction of cannabinoids and terpenoids.

The most common solvent used for this method is ethanol as it has resulted in higher cannabis extracts, up to four times more than other solvents. Moreover, the extraction time is drastically reduced using this procedure compared to CO2. Extraction by alcohol can be faster as the cannabinoids are released quicker in the solvent, while CO2 extraction undergoes 3 different stages which are dependent upon time, temperature and pressure. Ultimately, one of the biggest benefits of this method is that it leaves no risks of leaving any toxic residuals, enabling the co-extraction of both cannabinoids and terpenoids. This way, once the extract is diluted in oil, the final product is named “Full spectrum CBD Oil” or “CBD Oil of the whole plant”.

On the other hand, one of the biggest challenges is the inherent polarity of solvents. Ethanol, for example, has the ability to mix with water and dissolve water-soluble molecules like chlorophyll. At times, CBD producers may remove the chlorophyll from the extract due to the bitter taste it causes in the product.

It may seem that all CBD products with the names of “tincture” or “oil” on the label use ethanol extraction, however, this is not the case. We noticed that most cannabis producers use CO2 extraction, not ethanol. Nevertheless, we would still prefer ethanol or other alcoholic solvent extraction as this is the best method for extracting the main cannabinoids or the entire phytocomplex of the plant, without leaving final residuals.

  • Spectrum
  • All components
  • THC
  • Filtration
  • Strong Taste
  • Darkness of Color
  • Spectrum
  • All components
  • THC
  • Filtration
  • Strong Taste
  • Darkness of Color

Gas Extraction

CO2 Supercritical

CO2 extraction nowadays is one of the most common ways of extracting CBD from the cannabis plant. This method uses high pressurised liquid carbon dioxide into a chamber filled with dried hemp plant material. When passing the cannabis material, the fluid easily extracts plant waxes from the cannabis. The CBD drips down to a collection vessel, and the remaining CO2 goes into a condenser and turns into a liquid for later use.

The most common criticism with CO2 extraction is the high upfront costs that come with the scientific equipment needed. However, unlike alcohol or butane, CO2 is a highly versatile solvent. This means that it is possible to adjust the process in order to extract just a specific compound from botanicals, by changing the pressure and temperature. This is why many CBD producers use CO2 extractions.

In order to reduce the costs, they tend to extract only one specific cannabinoid needed, such as CBD. However, only one cannabinoid will be extracted and isolated from the whole phytocomplex of the plant. This process produces an isolated pure cannabinoid and once it is dissolved into an oily solvent, it is known as “Isolated CBD Oil” or “Pure CBD Oil”.

Different types of CBD Oils

As we have already explained, different extraction methods gives us the possibility to obtain variable products. In brief, through CO2 extraction, it’s possible to isolate a specific cannabinoid from the whole phytocomplex, obtaining the purest form of the compound. On the other hand, through solvent, like ethanol, it’s possible to extract all the compounds present in the cannabis material, resulting in a full-plant extraction.

Full-Spectrum CBD Oil

A full-spectrum extract is the extraction of a cannabis plant but maintaining in its composition all the cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids of the plant. Several studies have shown that the effect produced by all cannabis compounds working together with terpenes was much higher, compared to the use of an isolated cannabinoid in its purest form. The stronger effect is justified by the synergy that occurs when the therapeutic potential of a cannabinoid increases by the combination with other cannabinoids and terpenes, all with their own medical properties. This synergy is known as the “Entourage effect”, and cannabis researchers are observing its great importance in medicine even more. Because of the full-plant composition, a full-spectrum oil surely contains some traces of THC in it. However, the amount of THC is always maintained below 0.2%, according to the European limits. Even with that small quantity of THC, there is no way to get high with a CBD Full spectrum Oil. However, there is a possibility that its traces could potentially cause a positive result in a drug test.

Pure CBD Oil

To manufacture isolated CBD, producers use extraction methods that only allows the extraction of specific compounds from the herbal material, such as CO2 extraction. Through additional filtering and processing until nothing more than a white powder remains, the so-called CBD crystals are produced, with over 99 percent of pure CBD. Since this powder is liposoluble (soluble in oil), it can be easily mixed with a carrier liquid, such as MCT coconut oil, olive oil or hemp seed oil. Even if it is very easy to have a final product with the same CBD concentration as a full-spectrum oil, this isolated CBD oil will lack the terpenes and all other cannabinoids of the plant, thus, the entourage effect will never occur. However, the fact that only CBD is extracted from the whole phytocomplex leads to no traces of THC, allowing no problems with drug tests.

Ready to find the perfect cbd oil product for you?

Consult our comparative table of the main CBD Oils in the European market and have a look at what we recommend as liable and safe.

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